COMPARATIVE STUDY OF THREE INDIGENOUS COMMUNITIES ABOUT INDIGENOUS TRADITIONAL KNOWLEDGE IN AGRICULTURAL PRACTICES TO COMBAT CLIMATE CHANGE EFFECTS
(Study based on three ecological regions in Nepal)
The impacts of climate change are more pronounced in agricultural systems. The project focused on exploring the knowledge of the community, Discussion (sharing of the knowledge), Documentation (listing the knowledge) and Dissemination (promoting the knowledge) of the Indigenous and Traditional Knowledge (ITK) used by the communities in agricultural practices for adapting/coping to the changes in climate within major climatic zones in Nepal.
While minimizing the cause of climate change is beyond the scope of people of the communities, they can adapt to farming practices that help to minimize the potential productivity losses. There is a need to further strengthen and enhance the knowledge base on the emerging challenge of climate change and adaptation on agricultural sector. It is obvious that the effect of climate change will directly affect the profession of more than two third people involved in agriculture and will ultimately question the status of food security, which makes news headlines every year.
Thus, this research helped to highlight the awareness level of importance of ITK, impact of climate change, how it is affecting the agricultural practices and how people are adapting the change through the use of ITK. The research was based on three geographical Zones which are:
|Terai||Sundarpur VDC, Bardia|
|Hilly||Jhulawang VDC, Rukum|
|Mountain||Dunai VDC, Dolpa|